Over 1 million Lithuanians live abroad. However, no foreign megalopolis has a true Lithuanian district where Lithuanians would make the majority of population. In the past there were such "Little Lithuanias" and "Lithuanian Villages" and one may still see reminiscences in their architecture and street names.
Starting in the 19th century Lithuanian districts formed around Lithuanian churches in foreign countries. The church would have been constructed where there was already a Lithuanian community. After the church opened, even more families would move in, establishing Lithuanian institutions and businesses. The prime migrant destination of the era were the USA. It also became the location of the majority of Lithuanian districts. ~1960-~1980 the Lithuanian districts disintegrated due to other minorities (primarily Blacks, Hispanics) moving in and Lithuanians moving out. However even today more Lithuanians (mostly elderly) live in such "historic districts" than in any other particular areas of the same city. Lithuanian churches are in many cases still open but few other institutions remain (just an occasional Lithuanian club, restaurant or bar). The past is more visible in Lithuanian monuments, crosses and a few Lithuanian-themed street names.
The most famous Lithuanian districts in foreign countries
Chicago, which absorbed ~100 000 Lithuanian immigrants, had more than a single Lithuanian district. Marquette Park was however the best known among them as it housed over 30 000 Lithuanians and well up to 1975 Lithuanians made the majority there. Unlike many earlier Lithuanian districts this one was rich as it housed intellectuals forced out of their homeland by the Soviets rather than poor economic migrants. Today the district is Black-majority but some Lithuanian details remain (e.g. the Lithuanian church is open, a monument for Darius and Girėnas still stands).
The remains of Lithuanian districts may be also found in Baltimore, Detroit, Cleveland, Brockton, Worcester and elsewhere. In South America a historic Lithuanian district exists in Sao Paulo (Brazil). Where the Lithuanian communities were smaller they shared their districts with other imigrant nations, e.g. Cerro in Montevideo (Uruguay).
Today the Lithuanian emigration reached epic proportions but Lithuanian districts are not developing. This was influenced by less religiosity (hit by Soviet atheism) - Lithuanians no longer build churches that would serve as their community hub. Thus they spread accross entire cities. For example some say Castleknock is a Lithuanian district of Dublin, however merely 10% of its population are Lithuanians. In London some districts are more Lithuanian than others but no borough has more than a few percent Lithuanians.
Lithuanian districts were always important to safeguard Lituanity. When many Lithuanians live in a single place there are many opportunities to speak Lithuanian, share the cultural traditions. Lithuanian districts however never precluded from also respecting the culture of the local country. Many Lithuanian Americans, such as Valdas Adamkus, had successful careers outside the limits of the ethnic community.
Article by ©Augustinas Žemaitis.