Lithuanians are a small nation of 3 million. Many foreigners do not know it or mistakenly identify Lithuanians as belonging to some other ethnicity. This short table gives a better idea on how Lithuanians differ from neighboring nations.
Bold entries indicate similarity, while non-bold entries indicate differences.
|Ethnicity||Language||Religion||Recent history (pre-1990)||Modern alignment||Team sport|
|Lithuanians||Lithuanian (Baltic)||Roman Catholic||Occupied by USSR (1940)||NATO, EU||Basketball|
|Russians||Russian (East Slavic)||Russian Orthodox||Dominant nation of the USSR||Eurasian Union||Football / Ice hockey|
|Poles||Polish (West Slavic)||Roman Catholic||Dominated by USSR||NATO, EU||Football|
|Latvians||Latvian (Baltic)||Lutheran / Roman Catholic||Occupied by USSR (1940)||NATO, EU||Ice hockey|
|Estonians||Estonian (Finno-Ugric)||Lutheran||Occupied by USSR (1940)||NATO, EU||Basketball|
|Belarusians||Russian / Belarusian (East Slavic)||Russian Orthodox||Occupied by USSR (1919, 1939)||Eurasian Union||Ice hockey|
|Ukrainians||Ukrainian (East Slavic)||Ukrainian Orthodox||Occupied by USSR (1921, 1939)||Seeks to join NATO, EU||Football|
|Finns||Finnish (Finno-Ugric)||Lutheran||Attacked by USSR (1939)||Neutral, EU||Ice hockey|
|Swedes||Swedish (Germanic)||Lutheran||No wars against USSR||Neutral, EU||Ice hockey|
|Moldavians||Romanian (Romance)||Romanian Orthodox||Occupied by USSR (1940)||Shifting||Football|
|Germans||German (Germanic)||Lutheran / Roman Catholic||Partitioned by USSR||NATO, EU||Football|
|Danes||Danish (Germanic)||Lutheran||No wars against USSR (allied during WW2)||NATO, EU||Football|